Darjeeling

Darjeeling District (Bengali: দার্জিলিং জেলা; Nepali: दार्जीलिङ जिल्ला) is the northernmost district of the state of West Bengal in eastern India in the foothills of the Himalayas. The district is famous for its beautiful hill stations (and is often referred to as the Queen of the Hills) and Darjeeling tea. Darjeeling is the district headquarters. Kalimpong, Kurseong and Siliguri, three other major towns in the district, are the subdivisional headquarters of the district. Mirik, another town of the district, has been developed as a lake resort since the late 1970s. Geographically, the district can be divided into two broad divisions, the hills and the plains. The entire hilly region of the district comes under the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council, a semi-autonomous administrative body under the state government of West Bengal. The council covers the three hill subdivisions of Darjeeling, Kurseong and Kalimpong. The foothills of Darjeeling Himalayas, which comes under the Siliguri subdivision, is known as the Terai. The Terai is bounded on the north by the mountains, on the south by Kishanganj district of Bihar state, on the east by Jalpaiguri district and on the west by Nepal. It has a length from north to south of 18 miles (29 km), and a breadth from east to west of 16 miles (26 km). As of 2011 it is the second least populous district of West Bengal (out of 19), after Dakshin Dinajpur.

Geography

Kanchenjunga The Darjeeling hill area is formed of comparatively recent rock structure that has a direct bearing on landslides. However, heavy monsoon precipitation is however a very common cause of the landslides. Soils of Darjeeling hill areas are extremely varied, depending on elevation, degree of slope, vegetative cover and geolithology. The Himalayas serve as the source of natural resources for the population residing in the hill










Census Data

Description 2011 2001
Actual Population 1,842,034 1,609,172
Male 934,796 830,644
Female 907,238 778,528
Population Growth 14.47% 23.79%
Area Sq. Km 3,149 3,149
Density/km2 585 511
Proportion to West Bengal Population 2.02% 2.01%
Sex Ratio (Per 1000) 971 937
Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age) 943 962
Average Literacy 79.92 71.79
Male Literacy 85.94 80.05
Female Literacy 73.74 62.94
Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 180,170 204,643
Male Population (0-6 Age) 92,728 104,324
Female Population (0-6 Age) 87,442 100,319
Literates 1,328,218 1,008,288
Male Literates 723,711 581,420
Female Literates 604,507 426,868
Child Proportion (0-6 Age) 9.78% 12.72%
Boys Proportion (0-6 Age) 9.92% 12.56%
Girls Proportion (0-6 Age) 9.64% 12.89%

Divisions

Administrative subdivisions

The district comprises four subdivisions: Darjeeling Sadar, Kalimpong, Kurseong and Siliguri. Darjeeling is the district headquarter. There are 17 police stations, 12 community development blocks, 4 municipalities, 1 municipal corporation and 134 gram panchayats in this district. Darjeeling and Kalimpong contain one municipality each and Kurseong has two. Siliguri has a municipal corporation instead. The community development blocks are divided into rural areas with gram panchayats. and census towns. In total there are 9 urban units: 4 municipalities, 1 municipal corporation and 4 census towns. Also, Darjeeling city and Pattabong Tea Garden are part of a urban agglomeration.

Darjeeling Sadar Subdivision

  • Darjeeling Municipality
  • Darjeeling Pulbazar (Community development block) consists of rural areas with 23 Gram Panchayats and one census town: Pattabong Tea Garden.
  • Rangli Rangliot (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 11 Gram Panchayats.
  • Jorebunglow Sukhiapokhri (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 16 Gram Panchayats.

Kalimpong Subdivision

  • Kalimpong Municipality
  • Kalimpong I (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 18 gram panchayats.
  • Kalimpong II (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 13 Gram Panchayats.
  • Gorubathan (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 11 gram panchayats.

Kurseong Subdivision

  • Kurseong Municipality
  • Mirik municipality
  • Mirik (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 6 Gram Panchayats.
  • Kurseong (Community development block) consists of rural areas with 14 Gram Panchayats and one census town: Cart Road.

Siliguri Subdivision

  • Siliguri Municipal Corporation (Area under Darjeeling District)
  • Matigara (Community development block) consists of rural areas with 5 Gram Panchayats and one census town: Bairatisal.
  • Naxalbari (Community development block) consists of rural areas with 6 Gram Panchayats and one census town: Uttar Bagdogra.
  • Phansidewa (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 7 gram Panchayats.
  • Kharibari (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 4 gram Panchayats.
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