Jalpaiguri

Jalpaiguri district (Bengali: জলপাইগুড়ি জেলা) is the largest district of North Bengal, covering an area 6,245 km2. It is situated between 26° 16' and 27° 0' North latitudes and 88° 4' and 89° 53' East longitudes. The district was established in 1869. The headquarters of the district are at Jalpaiguri town, which is also the divisional headquarter of north Bengal and has its special importance in respect of tourism, forest, hills, tea gardens, scenic beauty and a wide variety of tribes like the Totos, etc.

The name Jalpaiguri came from the Bengali word jalpai meaning "olive" because of the olives which grew in the town and were seen even in 1900. The suffix guri means a place. The name can also be associated with Jalpesh, the presiding deity (Shiva) of the entire region.

Presently Jalpaiguri is the part of West Bengal which is situated in North Bengal. The district situated in the northern part of West Bengal has international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh in the north and south respectively and district borders with Assam and the Darjeeling hills in the east, west and northwest.

Climate

ClimateThe average annual rainfall is 3160 mm and the average temperature ranges from 30.9 to 10.8 degrees throughout the year. The average relative humidity is about 82%.

Tropography

TopographyThe entire topography is crisscrossed with rivulets, rivers and hills. Jalpaiguri - this narrow stretch of land lying between the Sikkim - Darjeeling Himalayas and Gangetic West Bengal has more than often evoked a sense of both eerie and romanticism in many a heart since the early British Rule. Veined by mighty rivers like the Teesta, Torsa, Jaldhaka, Raidak, Dyna, Neora, Sankosh etc. this piece of land has been aptly named as the land of 'Tea, Timber and Tourism'. A major stretch of area is bordered in the north by Bhutan and hence the name - Dooars/Duars which mean - Door of Bhutan.

Description 2011 2001
Actual Population 3,869,675 3,401,173
Male 1,980,068 1,751,145
Female 1,889,607 1,650,028
Population Growth 13.77% 21.45%
Area Sq. Km 6,227 6,227
Density/km2 621 546
Proportion to West Bengal Population 4.24% 4.24%
Sex Ratio (Per 1000) 954 942
Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age) 949 969
Average Literacy 73.79 62.85
Male Literacy 80.61 72.83
Female Literacy 66.65 52.21
Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 445,025 521,287
Male Population (0-6 Age) 228,381 264,706
Female Population (0-6 Age) 216,644 256,581
Literates 2,527,018 1,810,083
Male Literates 1,412,065 1,082,575
Female Literates 1,114,953 727,508
Child Proportion (0-6 Age) 11.50% 15.33%
Boys Proportion (0-6 Age) 11.53% 15.12%
Girls Proportion (0-6 Age) 11.47% 15.55%

Divisions

Administrative subdivisions

The district comprises three subdivisions: Jalpaiguri Sadar, Malbazar and Alipurduar. Jalpaiguri Sadar consists of Jalpaiguri and Rajganj municipalities and Jalpaiguri Sadar, Dhupguri, Maynaguri and Rajganj community development blocks. Malbazar subdivision, also known as Mal subdivision, consists of Malbazar municipality and three community development blocks: Mal, Matiali and Nagrakata. Alipurduar subdivision consists of Alipurduar municipality and six community development blocks: Madarihat–Birpara, Alipurduar–I, Alipurduar–II, Falakata, Kalchini and Kumargram.Jalpaiguri is the district headquarters. There are 17 police stations, 13 development blocks, 4 municipalities. Each subdivision contains one municipality each along with community development blocks which in turn are divided into rural areas and census towns. Siliguri municipal corporation, which lies mainly in Darjeeling district, has 15 out of 47 wards in Jalpaiguri district. In total there are 17 urban units: 4 municipalities, 12 census towns and 146 gram panchayats in this district. Also, Alipurduar city, Alipurduar Railway Junction, Sobhaganj, Chechakhata and Paschim Jitpur are part of a urban agglomeration.

Jalpaiguri Sadar subdivision

  • Jalpaiguri: Municipality
  • Jalpaiguri (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 14 gram panchayats.
  • Maynaguri (Community development block) consists of rural areas with 16 Gram Panchayats and one census town: Mainaguri.
  • Dhupguri (Community development block) consists of rural areas with 16 Gram Panchayats and two census towns: Banarhat Tea Garden and Gairkata.
  • Rajganj (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 12 gram panchayats.

Malbazar subdivision

  • Mal: Municipality
  • Mal (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 12 Gram Panchayats.
  • Matiali (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 5 Gram Panchayats.
  • Nagrakata (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 5 gram panchayats.

Alipurduar subdivision

  • Alipurduar: Municipality
  • Madarihat-Birpara (Community development block) consists of rural areas only with 10 Gram Panchayats.
  • Alipurduar I (Community development block) consists of rural areas with 11 Gram Panchayats and four census towns: Paschim Jitpur, Chechakhata, Alipurduar Railway Junction and Bholar Dabri.
  • Alipurduar II (Community development block) consists of rural areas with 11 Gram Panchayats and one census town: Sobhaganj.
  • Falakata (Community development block) consists of rural areas with 12 Gram Panchayats and one census town: Falakata.
  • Kalchini (Community development block) consists of rural areas with 11 Gram Panchayats and two census towns: Jaygaon and Uttar Latabari.
  • Kumargram (Community development block) consists of rural areas with 11 Gram Panchayats and one census town: Uttar Kamakhyaguri.